Yesterday, President Obama released his FY2012 Budget. And it was hardly a “the new phone books are here” sort of moment. In an era of supposed budgetary belt-tightening, we all knew that the U.S. Department of Education was facing a budget increase. The major question was how much of that increase would go to Pell and how much to P-12.
So when the details of the budget were revealed, Eduflack’s primary response was, “didn’t we just have this discussion last year?” New rounds of Race to the Top and Investing in Innovation. A handful of programs eliminated. A good number of programs “consolidated” into a series of competitive buckets. So while some of the specific dollars may be a little different (more for RttT this year than last, less for i3), Eduflack comments on the FY2011 budget seem to be fairly evergreen, all things considered.
Of course, there are a few things that make this year a little different:
* Political realities — For those eagerly waiting to cash checks based on FY2012 presidential projections, please remember we still haven’t passed the FY2011 budget yet. FY2012 is largely a do-over because FY2011 never became law. The Administration is to be commended for sticking to its guns and staying with the same policy priorities. But we can’t forget these priorities couldn’t get passed in a Democratic Congress in 2010. If the current fight over the FY2011 continuing resolution is any indication, Congress (particularly House Republicans) have a VERY different view of where our education budget should head. So let’s realize that the President has essentially put forward a “ceiling” for education spending. The House will drive it down some, and both the House and Senate will swap out some of the president’s programs for their own favorite funding recipients.
* Reauthorization — Much of the “big thinking” in this year’s presidential budget is based on the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Based on yesterday’s ED presentation, all those interesting new programs and the continuation of RttT and i3 are all linked to successful ESEA reauth. What happens, then, if reauth rolls out at House Education Committee John Kline (MN) wants — incrementally? Or what happens if Dems in the Senate can’t agree on a strategy? Another year of ED CRs means none of these big ideas are funded.
* Early childhood education — Kudos to the Administration for the creation of the Early Learning Challenge Fund. The President is now addressing his 2008 campaign pledges about the importance of ECE. Even more important, he is placing the responsibility for 21st century early learning with the U.S. Department of Education (instead of over in HHS with the Head Start office). Could it be we may actually see a P-20 education continuum run through Maryland Avenue? One can only hope.
* Title I Rewards — Perhaps the most intriguing new idea is that of a Title I Rewards program. And it is interesting because of what we know, and what we still don’t. Based on yesterday, it seems that ED will provide $300 million in new Title I dollars directly to the states, based on current Title I formulas. It will then be up to the states to divide that money up among those Title I districts who are demonstrating the most progress in student achievement improvement. So will dollars go to a select few districts or most? Are rewards simply the thanks of a grateful nation, or are they to be designated for specific interventions or to scale particular improvements? Lots of questions, with lots of opportunities.
* Teacher training — Last year, the Administration took a beating for the perception that it was scrapping its commitment to preservice education for teachers, instead handing the keys over to alt cert providers and programs like Teach for America. This year, the President is offering up $975 million for the recruitment, reward, and retention of new teachers. We’re looking at recruitment programs, scholarship efforts (particularly those targeting minorities), and an emphasis on science and math teachers. This seems like an awful lot of real capital to begin supporting the Teach.gov initiative.
And who is getting condolence cards today? Those 13 programs slated for elimination (including the Exchanges with Historic Whaling and Trading Partners, which is experiencing another year of life and another $8.8 million under the CR). The 38 programs targeted for consolidation, while a few are destined for greatness in the competitive grant process (I’m looking at you, TFA), most may go the way of those Whaling Partners. Career and Technical Education, which seemed to be the big loser, as some well-meaning program had to sacrifice to make this year’s number, and CTE seems to be the recipient of such cuts. And I’d also put ARPA-ED on the list, simply because after all of the build up it received in the week leading into the budget, the total dollar figure allotted to our very own DARPA seems small by comparison.
Now the fun begins. Anyone willing to bet more than half the new funding makes it through the House of Representatives this fall?